Was born in Buenos Aires and took her first piano lessons at the age of 5 with Vincenzo Scaramuzza. Considered a child prodigy, she soon performed in public. In 1955, she moved to Europe and continued her studies in London, Vienna and Switzerland with Seidlhofer, Gulda, Magaloff, Mrs. Lipatti and Stefan Askenase. In 1957, she won the Geneva International Music Competition and the Ferruccio Busoni International Competition and in 1965 the 7th International Frederick Chopin Piano Competition in Warsaw. Since then, she has been one of the world's leading pianists in both popularity and ability.
Martha Argerich has been highly qualified for her interpretation of the virtuoso piano literature of the 19th and 20th centuries. Her extensive repertoire includes Bach and Bartok, Beethoven and Messiaen as well as Chopin, Schumann, Liszt, Debussy, Ravel, Franck, Prokofiev, Stravinsky, Shostakovitch and Tchaikovsky.
Although she is permanently invited by the most prestigious orchestras, conductors and music festivals in Europe, Japan, the United States and Israel (with Zubin Mehta and Lahav Shani), chamber music is an important part of her musical life. She plays and records regularly with Nelson Freire, Alexandre Rabinovitch, Mischa Maisky, Gidon Kremer and Daniel Barenboim: "This harmony within a group of people gives me a strong and peaceful feeling", she says.
She has recorded for EMI, Sony, Philips, Teldec, DGG and many of her performances were broadcast on television around the world.
Since 1998, she has been the Artistic Director of the Beppu Festival in Japan; in 1999, she created the International Piano Competition, the Martha Argerich Festival in Buenos Aires and the Progetto Martha Argerich in Lugano in 2002.